On 11 December 2012, Guilhem Roux (LAMETA) had publicly defended his PhD thesis entitled Modern theories of Justice and Sustainable Development, An Essay in Economic Philosophy (written in French), in Montpellier.
The PhD dissertation was supervised by Daniel Serra and Alain Marciano.
Prof. Arnaud BERTHOUD (Economics, Lille 1, University), Referee,
Prof. Catherine LARRERE (Philosophy, Pantheon-Sorbonne University, Paris I), Referee,
Dr. Alain MARCIANO (Economics, Montpellier 1 University), Co-supervisor,
Prof. Emmanuel PICAVET (Philosophy, Pantheon-Sorbonne University, Paris I),
Dr. Jean-Michel SALLES (Economics, LAMETA),
Dr. Christian ARNSPERGER (Economics, Université Catholique de Louvain).
“Three models of governance are actually dominating the contemporary research devoted to the environmental policies: a liberal model, which is founded on the auto regulatory processes of the market and the possibilities of technical progress fostered by the regime of free enterprise; an utilitarian model, which is based on the economic calculation of a social planer, intervening on markets by enforcing taxes and quotas; a deliberative democracy model, which lies on the ability of common resources management by populations using deliberative mechanisms. Thus, what have been mainly applied by now to the ecological stake are the theories of justice (liberalism, utilitarianism and deliberative democracy) and the institutional framework (the market, the central administration, the forum), coming from the Enlightenments.
This work invites us to examine if these models of governance are really adapted to the peculiarity of the sustainable development objective. We first propose to rediscover the fundamental axioms of these traditional technics of government, in order to confront them, in a second time, to the specific dimensions opened by the ecological stake: the preservation of the Earth and the care for the future generation, in our present context of a global industrial economy. This thesis exhibits the main concrete obstacles to the efficiency of these strategies of governance imagined so far and prepares us to create new ones.”
Keywords: Sustainable development; Governance; Institutions; Theories of Justice; Ecological Economics; Political Philosophy.